Surfboards are continuously evolution and improvement. There are numerous board designs to adapt to a broad range of environments. The world creates so many different types of waves and breaks which is the reason why there is a plenty of surfboard designs, templates, shapes and sizes. Surfers will find retro surfboards, hybrid boards, high-performance models, vintage logs, and big wave surfing guns, etc.
Nonetheless, modern surfboard designs and templates are shaped around eight main models: shortboards, longboards, fish boards, malibu (funboards), guns, tow-in boards, alaias and stand-up paddle-boards. There also other templates like bodyboarding and kneeboarding, but we will focus only on the ones allow surfers to stand-up to surf. This evolution made surfing different and give better surfing experience.
They are the most well-known and widely used surfboard template in the world right now. Pro surfers choose only this kind of craft when competing at professional level. They are perfect modern surfing, are also easier to use, turn and will respond rapidly if required in critical moments and different sections of the waves. If you surf at any popular surfing beach, you will see that over 98% of the surfers are riding boards with length between 5’5” and 6’5”. The most popular fin setup used in shortboards is the thruster (tri-fin) system, but nowadays many surfers like to surf in a quad-fin. Tricks and maneuvers like airs, off the lips, floaters and barrels are all empowered by using these shortboards.
A shortboard is not easy to paddle, but it is not hard to duck dive comparing with a longboard or a funboard. For beginners short boards are not the most appropriate type of board to learn on, because they are small and feature less volume, which leads to less flotation, while flotation is the foremost important characteristic of a surfboard during the learning process.